USO DE PORQUÉ, PORQUE, POR QUÉ Y POR QUE

¿Por qué te gusta leer tanto Revista Delado?, porque tiene muy buenos artículos y es muy variada, además posee columnistas de lujo. Tu puedes encontrar 16 secciones diferentes que van desde una opinión editorial, a una entrevista o una crónica o reportaje, a notas de política, deporte, música, gramática, gastronomía, espectáculo, arte y cultura, recuerdos, rescate de personajes que fueron populares en su época, humor, actualidad, además da oportunidad a que escriban los lectores con su política de puertas abiertas. Y tiene 16 columnas muy variadas, escritas por especialistas en el tema, como: Goyo y Gabucho, un diálogo barrial deportivo; historias del recuerdo, nutrición, turismo, motivación personal, notas internacionales, mascotas, secretos de la televisión, jurídico, economía y finanzas, belleza, rock y arte, crónicas urbanas y opinión juvenil. No comprendo porqué, no haces lo mismo. Deberías leerla es realmente buena, hecha por profesionales que hacen un periodismo informativo serio con entretenimiento y aporte cultural. Ese es el motivo porqué, te pregunte. Me han hablado tanto de ella, que quería leerla. Ya sé que debo hacerlo.

Leyó el párrafo “propagandero” que me mandé. ¿Se dio cuenta de las palabras resaltadas en negro? Es la misma palabra escrita en cuatro formas distintas: unidas y separadas y en ambos casos tildadas y no tildadas. Son esas cuatro formas de escribir dichas palabras, una de las cosas que más nos coomplica al momento de escribir.  ¿Por qué, porque, por que o porqué? ¿Cuándo utilizar uno u otro? En esta nota  vamos a aprender a distinguirlos con sencillas explicaciones de sus diferentes usos, ejemplos y sus “trucos”.

POR QUÉ

Se trata de la secuencia formada por la preposición por y el interrogativo o exclamativo qué (palabra tónica que se escribe con tilde diacrítica para distinguirla del relativo y de la conjunción que).  Introduce

oraciones interrogativas y exclamativas directas e indirectas:  Ejemplos:  ¿Por qué no viniste ayer a la fiesta? No comprendo por qué te pones así. ¡Por qué calles más bonitas pasamos! Obsérvese que, a diferencia del sustantivo porqué, la secuencia por qué no puede sustituirse por términos como razón, causa o motivo.

PORQUE

Se trata de una conjunción átona, razón por la que se escribe sin tilde. Puede usarse con dos valores: Como conjunción causal, para introducir oraciones subordinadas que expresan causa, caso en que puede sustituirse por locuciones de valor asimismo causal como puesto que o ya que. Ejemplos: No fui a la fiesta porque no tenía ganas [= ya que no tenía ganas]. La ocupación no es total, porque quedan todavía plazas libres [= puesto que quedan todavía plazas libres]. También se emplea como encabezamiento de las respuestas a las preguntas introducidas por la secuencia por qué: ¿Por qué no viniste? —Porque no tenía ganas.
Cuando tiene sentido causal, es incorrecta su escritura en dos palabras. Como conjunción final, seguida de un verbo en subjuntivo, con sentido equivalente a para que. Ejemplo: Hice cuanto pude porque no terminara así [= para que no terminara así].  En este caso, se admite también la grafía en dos palabras (pero se prefiere la escritura en una sola): Hice cuanto pude por que no terminara así.

PORQUÉ

Es un sustantivo masculino que equivale a causa, motivo, razón, y se escribe con tilde por ser palabra aguda terminada en vocal. Puesto que se trata de un sustantivo, se usa normalmente precedido de artículo u otro determinante. Ejemplo:  No comprendo el porqué de tu actitud [= la razón de tu actitud]. Todo tiene su porqué [= su causa o su motivo].  Como otros sustantivos, tiene plural: Hay que averiguar los porqués de este cambio de actitud.

POR QUE

Puede tratarse de una de las siguientes secuencias: La preposición por + el pronombre relativo que. En este caso es más corriente usar el relativo con artículo antepuesto (el que, la que, etc.). Ejemplo:  Este es el motivo por (el) que te llamé. Los premios por (los) que competían no resultaban muy atractivos.  No sabemos la verdadera razón por (la) que dijo eso.

La preposición por + la conjunción subordinante que. Esta secuencia aparece en el caso de verbos, sustantivos o adjetivos que rigen un complemento introducido por la preposición por y llevan además una oración subordinada introducida por la conjunción que. Ejemplo: Al final optaron por que no se presentase. Están ansiosos por que empecemos a trabajar en el proyecto.  Nos confesó su preocupación

por que los niños pudieran enfermar. [Véase el Diccionario panhispánico de dudas, s/v porque y porqué].

diferencias entre porqué, porque, por qué y por que

 Ahora vamos a ver esas diferencias, solo con ejemplos, lo cual permitirá una mayor facilidad de comprensión, además presentamos unos “trucos2 gramaticales para remplazar la palabra, si no quieres complicarte.

Porqué

Uso: Sustantivo. Sinónimo de causa, motivo o razón. Siempre va precedido de un determinante o artículo (el, los, su, sus).

Ejemplo: Todo tiene su porqué.

Truco: Se puede sustituir por razón, causa o motivo.

Porque

Uso: Conjunción causal. Se utiliza en oraciones subordinadas que implican causa y como respuesta a preguntas encabezas por ¿Por qué?

Ejemplo: Lo haré porque es lo correcto; ¿Por qué quieres hacerlo? – Porque es lo correcto.

Truco: Se puede sustituir por ya que, puesto que, debido a que..

Por qué

Uso: Partícula interrogativa. Introduce preguntas directas e indirectas.

Ejemplo: ¿Por qué te has manchado la camiseta?; no entiendo por qué debería hacerlo.

Truco: Se puede usar otras palabras que no lleven por qué. Ejemplo ¿Cuál fue la razón para que se haya manchado tu camiseta?

Por que

Uso: Pronombre relativo (evita la repetición del sujeto). También utilizado en oraciones

subordinadas como partícula formada por la preposición por y la conjunción que.

Ejemplo: Fueron muchas las razones por que fue expulsado; se esforzaron por que todo saliera bien.

Truco: A veces se puede sustituir por las cuales, los cuales.

¿Entendieron? Espero que sí. Ahora como que queda más clara la cosa. Y ya saben lean revista Delado porque hay varias razones para hacerlo.


Bibliografia:  https://espanolaldia.wordpresso.com/; Diccionario Panhispánico de dudas; https://www.saberespractico.com/

 

Acerca de Aurelio Paredes

Periodista de Profesión (Licenciado en Comunicación Social, graduado en la Universidad de Guayaquil), ecuatoriano de nacimiento, 59 años de edad y 37 años de experiencia. Empezó en 1982 como reportero radial y escaló posiciones hasta llegar a ser Editor de Deportes de Diario El Universo de Guayaquil, considerado el matutino de mayor circulación en Ecuador; Director de Revista Estadio (Deportiva) y Editor de Revista Vistazo (Política y Actualidad); presentador de televisión en varios programas deportivos; columnista de deportes y páginas humorísticas bajo el seudónimo de Delado; y guionista empírico en algunos programas de la televisión ecuatoriana. En la función pública fue Director de Comunicación de la Procuraduría General del Estado y en la empresa privada, Director de la Federación Deportiva Nacional del Ecuador.

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