SOBRE IGNORANTES E IGNORANTAS

Colaboración de Luis Zúñiga

 Este es un artículo encontrado en Facebook que me envío mi compañero de Leyes en la Universidad Católica, Lucho Zúñiga. El  texto no revela la autoría de quien lo hizo, pero  más allá de sus cuestionamientos y de partir de un error gramatical en su idea principal, merece ser publicado por lo simpático del texto y por lo determinante que resulta el párrafo final que tiene un cierre espectacular.  El error gramatical que menciono se refiere a que la carta cuestiona el uso de presidenta, cuando es una palabra aceptada por el diccionario de la Real Academia de la Lengua desde hace muchísimos años atrás.

 Esta supuesta carta, escrita «por una profesora de un instituto público» y compartida por Miguel de Bethencourt, un ciudadano de Montevideo, ha superado los 100.000 compartidos 20 días después de su publicación. Sin embargo, de su éxito no significa que sea cierta. Según ha explicado La Fundación del Español Urgente, Fundéu, a Verne, los razonamientos que esgrime la publicación «son erróneos».

Este es el escrito:

Y… vamos con la Gramática. En castellano existen los participios activos como derivado de los tiempos verbales. El participio activo del verbo atacar es «atacante»; el de salir es «saliente»; el de cantar es «cantante» y el de existir, «existente». ¿Cuál es el del verbo ser? Es «ente», que significa «el que tiene identidad», en definitiva «el que es».

Por ello, cuando queremos nombrar a la persona que denota capacidad de ejercer la acción que expresa el verbo, se añade a éste la terminación «ente». Así, al que preside, se le llama «presidente» y nunca «presidenta», independientemente del género (masculino o femenino) del que realiza la acción. De manera análoga, se dice «capilla ardiente», no «ardienta»; se dice «estudiante», no «estudianta»; se dice «independiente» y no «independienta»; «paciente», no “pacienta»; «dirigente», no dirigenta»; «residente», no «residenta”.

Y ahora, la pregunta: nuestros políticos y muchos periodistas (hombres y mujeres, que los hombres que ejercen el periodismo no son «periodistos»), ¿hacen mal uso de la lengua por motivos ideológicos o por ignorancia de la Gramática de la Lengua Española? Creo que por las dos razones. Es más, creo que la ignorancia les lleva a aplicar patrones ideológicos y la misma aplicación automática de esos patrones ideológicos, los hace más ignorantes (a ellos y a sus seguidores).

Les propongo que pasen el mensaje a sus amigos y conocidos, en la esperanza de que llegue finalmente a esos ignorantes semovientes (no «ignorantas semovientas», aunque ocupen carteras ministeriales). Lamento haber aguado la fiesta a un grupo de hombres que se habían asociado en defensa del género y que habían firmado un manifiesto. Algunos de los firmantes eran: el dentisto, el poeto, el sindicalisto, el pediatro, el pianisto, el golfisto, el arreglisto, el funambulisto, el proyectisto, el turisto, el contratisto, el paisajisto, el taxisto, el artisto, el periodisto, el taxidermisto, el telefonisto, el masajisto, el gasisto, el trompetisto, el violinisto, el maquinisto, el electricisto, el oculisto, el policío del esquino y, sobre todo, ¡el machisto!

Si este asunto «no te da igual», pásalo, por ahí, con suerte, termina haciendo bien hasta en los ministerios. porque no es lo mismo tener «un cargo público» que ser «una carga pública».

 

SOBRE LA AUTORA

Tengo 60 años y he tenido la suerte de estudiar bajo unos planes educativos buenos, que primaban el esfuerzo y la formación de los alumnos por encima de las estadísticas de aprobados y de la propaganda política.

En jardín (así se llamaba entonces lo que hoy es “educación infantil”, mire usted) empecé a estudiar con una cartilla que todavía recuerdo perfectamente: La A de “araña”, la E de “elefante”, la I de “iglesia” la O de “ojo” y la U de “uña”.

Luego, cuando eras un poco mayor, llegaba “Semillitas”, un librito con poco más de 100 páginas y un montón de lecturas, no como ahora, que pagas por tres tomos llenos de dibujos que apenas traen texto.
Eso sí, en el Semillitas, no había que colorear ninguna página, que para eso teníamos cuadernos.

En Primaria estudiábamos Lengua, Matemáticas, Ciencias, no teníamos Educación Física. En 6º de Primaria, si en un examen tenías una falta de ortografía del tipo de “b en vez de v” o cinco faltas de acentos, te bajaban y bien bajada la nota.

En Bachillerato, estudié Historia de España, Latín, Literatura y Filosofía. Leí El Quijote y el Lazarillo de Tormes; leí las “Coplas a la Muerte de su Padre” de Jorge Manrique, a Garcilaso, a Góngora, a Lope de Vega o a Espronceda…

Pero, sobre todo, aprendí a hablar y a escribir con corrección. Aprendí a amar nuestra lengua, nuestra historia y nuestra cultura.

Acerca de Aurelio Paredes

Periodista de Profesión (Licenciado en Comunicación Social, graduado en la Universidad de Guayaquil), ecuatoriano de nacimiento, 59 años de edad y 37 años de experiencia. Empezó en 1982 como reportero radial y escaló posiciones hasta llegar a ser Editor de Deportes de Diario El Universo de Guayaquil, considerado el matutino de mayor circulación en Ecuador; Director de Revista Estadio (Deportiva) y Editor de Revista Vistazo (Política y Actualidad); presentador de televisión en varios programas deportivos; columnista de deportes y páginas humorísticas bajo el seudónimo de Delado; y guionista empírico en algunos programas de la televisión ecuatoriana. En la función pública fue Director de Comunicación de la Procuraduría General del Estado y en la empresa privada, Director de la Federación Deportiva Nacional del Ecuador.

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